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Area: total: 1,001,450 sq km
land: 995,450 sq km
water: 6,000 sq km

Climate: desert hot, dry summers with moderate winters

Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

Population: 81,713,517 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.8% [male 13,292,961/female 12,690,711]
15-64 years: 63.5% [male 26,257,440/female 25,627,390]
65 years and over: 4.7% [male 1,636,560/female 2,208,455] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Egyptian[s]
adjective: Egyptian

Ethnic groups: Egyptian 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, other European [primarily Italian and French] 1%

Languages: Arabic [official], English and French widely understood by educated classes

Capital: name: Cairo
geographic coordinates: 30 03 N, 31 15 E
time difference: UTC+2 [7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in April ends last Thursday in September

National holiday: Revolution Day, 23 July [1952]