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Area: total: 357,021 sq km
land: 349,223 sq km
water: 7,798 sq km

Climate: temperate and marine cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers occasional warm mountain [foehn] wind

Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

Natural resources: coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

Population: 82,369,548 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 13.8% [male 5,826,066/female 5,524,568]
15-64 years: 66.2% [male 27,763,917/female 26,739,934]
65 years and over: 20% [male 6,892,743/female 9,622,320] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: German[s]
adjective: German

Ethnic groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% [made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish]

Languages: German

Capital: name: Berlin
geographic coordinates: 52 31 N, 13 24 E
time difference: UTC+1 [6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October

National holiday: Unity Day, 3 October [1990]