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Area: total: 803,940 sq km
land: 778,720 sq km
water: 25,220 sq km

Climate: mostly hot, dry desert temperate in northwest arctic in north

Terrain: flat Indus plain in east mountains in north and northwest Balochistan plateau in west

Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Population: 167,762,040 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.3% [male 31,316,803/female 29,567,622]
15-64 years: 59.4% [male 51,000,863/female 48,648,480]
65 years and over: 4.3% [male 3,409,246/female 3,819,026] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Pakistani[s]
adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun [Pathan], Baloch, Muhajir [immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants]

Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki [a Punjabi variant] 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu [official] 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English [official lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries], Burushaski and other 8%

Capital: name: Islamabad
geographic coordinates: 33 42 N, 73 10 E
time difference: UTC+5 [10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]

National holiday: Republic Day, 23 March [1956]