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Area: total: 35,980 sq km
land: 32,260 sq km
water: 3,720 sq km
note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands

Climate: tropical marine rainy season during southwest monsoon [June to August] cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

Terrain: eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains flat to gently rolling plains in west

Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

Population: 22,920,946 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.3% [male 2,057,458/female 1,900,449]
15-64 years: 72.3% [male 8,362,038/female 8,204,834]
65 years and over: 10.5% [male 1,167,476/female 1,228,691] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Taiwan [singular and plural]
note: example - he or she is from Taiwan they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan

Ethnic groups: Taiwanese [including Hakka] 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%

Languages: Mandarin Chinese [official], Taiwanese [Min], Hakka dialects

Capital: name: Taipei
geographic coordinates: 25 03 N, 121 30 E
time difference: UTC+8 [13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]

National holiday: Republic Day [Anniversary of the Chinese Revolution], 10 October [1911]