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Area: total: 17,075,200 sq km
land: 16,995,800 sq km
water: 79,400 sq km

Climate: ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast

Terrain: broad plain with low hills west of Urals vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia uplands and mountains along southern border regions

Natural resources: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber
note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources

Population: 140,702,094 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.6% [male 10,577,858/female 10,033,254]
15-64 years: 71.2% [male 48,187,807/female 52,045,102]
65 years and over: 14.1% [male 6,162,400/female 13,695,673] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Russian[s]
adjective: Russian

Ethnic groups: Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% [2002 census]

Languages: Russian, many minority languages

Capital: name: Moscow
geographic coordinates: 55 45 N, 37 35 E
time difference: UTC+3 [8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October
note: Russia is divided into 11 time zones

National holiday: Russia Day, 12 June [1990]