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Spain map
Area: total: 504,782 sq km
land: 499,542 sq km
water: 5,240 sq km
note: there are two autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera

Climate: temperate clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills Pyrenees in north

Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

Population: 40,491,051 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.4% [male 3,011,815/female 2,832,788]
15-64 years: 67.6% [male 13,741,493/female 13,641,914]
65 years and over: 17.9% [male 3,031,597/female 4,231,444] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Spaniard[s]
adjective: Spanish

Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Languages: Castilian Spanish [official] 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally

Capital: name: Madrid
geographic coordinates: 40 24 N, 3 41 W
time difference: UTC+1 [6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October
note: Spain is divided into two time zones including the Canary Islands

National holiday: National Day, 12 October [1492] year when Columbus first set foot in the Americas