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Area: total: 9,826,630 sq km
land: 9,161,923 sq km
water: 664,707 sq km
note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia

Climate: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains

Terrain: vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii

Natural resources: coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber

Population: 303,824,646 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.1% [male 31,257,108/female 29,889,645]
15-64 years: 67.1% [male 101,825,901/female 102,161,823]
65 years and over: 12.7% [male 16,263,255/female 22,426,914] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: American[s]
adjective: American

Ethnic groups: white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% [2003 est.]
note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent [including persons of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin] living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group [white, black, Asian, etc.]

Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% [2000 census]
note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii

Capital: name: Washington, DC
geographic coordinates: 38 53 N, 77 02 W
time difference: UTC-5 [during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March ends first Sunday in November
note: the US is divided into six time zones

National holiday: Independence Day, 4 July [1776]