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Area: total: 780,580 sq km
land: 770,760 sq km
water: 9,820 sq km

Climate: temperate hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters harsher in interior

Terrain: high central plateau [Anatolia] narrow coastal plain several mountain ranges

Natural resources: coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite [strontium], emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites [sulfur], clay, arable land, hydropower

Population: 71,892,807 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.4% [male 8,937,515/female 8,608,375]
15-64 years: 68.6% [male 25,030,793/female 24,253,312]
65 years and over: 7% [male 2,307,236/female 2,755,576] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Turk[s]
adjective: Turkish

Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% [estimated]

Languages: Turkish [official], Kurdish, Dimli [or Zaza], Azeri, Kabardian
note: there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the European part of Turkey

Capital: name: Ankara
geographic coordinates: 39 56 N, 32 52 E
time difference: UTC+2 [7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October

National holiday: Republic Day, 29 October [1923]